Wajid Ali Shah succeeded  to the throne of “Oudh” when its glory days  were at its peak and passing. The British had annexed much of the kingdom under the treaty of 1801, and had impoverished Oudh by imposing a hugely  expensive, British-run army and repeated demands for loans. The independence of Oudh in name was tolerated by the British only because they still needed a buffer state between their presence in the East and South, and the remnants of the Mughal Empire to the North.
Wajid Ali Shah was most unfortunate to have ascended the throne of Oudh at a time when the British India Companywas determined to grab the coveted throne of prosperous”Oudh”, which was “the garden, granary, and queen-province of India”, though before Britain came into full control, his predecessors and successors were one of the major threats to the Moghal Empire.

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